托福写作常见大小写类易错细节

时间:2020-08-01 18:50:10

托福写作常见大小写类易错细节汇总讲解, 别在这些小问题上扣分。今天小编给大家带来了  托福写作常见大小写类易错细节汇总讲解,希望可以帮助到大家,下面小编就和大家分享,来欣赏一下吧。

托福写作常见大小写类易错细节汇总讲解 别在这些小问题上扣分

1.在托福写作的直接引语中,句首字母要大写。例如:“Then,”I said,“You havebeen making a mistake,and the letter is not in the apartment。”“那么,”我说,“你准弄错了,这封信并不在那栋房子里。”

2.星期、月份名称的第一个字母要大写,但季节第一个字母不大写。例如:Sunday星期天,August八月,winter冬天,spring春天。

3.一些大型节日名称的第一个实词的第一字母都要大写。如:Children's Day儿童节,National Day国庆节, Teachers' Day教师节。

4.由普通名词构成的专有名词词组,除其中的冠词、较短的介词和连词外,每个词的第一字母都要大写。例如:the Great Wall长城,the United States美国。

5.大型会议、文件、条约名称的每个实词(虚词:副词、介词、连词、助词、叹词和拟声词则不用大写)的第一个字母都要大写。书名、报刊名应大写首字母,文章标题中的每一个实词的第一个字母要大写。如:China Daily《中国日报》,New York Times《纽约时报》,Their Class《他们的班级》(文章标题),the Warsaw Treaty《华沙条约》,实例:English Coaching Paper《英语辅导报》。

6.托福作文中的诗歌每一行的第一个单词的第一个字母要大写。

7. 表示称呼语或职务的词首字母要大写。实例:Mr Green格林先生, Dr Lee李博士

8.大多数的缩略词要大写。实例:CCTV(中国中央电视台), ID(身份证), CD(光盘)

10.句子开头的第一个字母要大写。“I(我)”在句中任何位置都要大写。例如:What's her name?Mary and I are teachers。

11。.地名、国名和人名等专有名词第一个字母要大写。例如:Russia(俄罗斯),Youyang(酉阳),Chengdu(成都),Jack(杰克)。

12.一些亲属关系(如mother,sister,mum,dad等)用作称呼语时第一个字母要大写。例如:Thank you,Granny。谢谢你,姥姥。

13.人名前的称呼或头衔第一个字母应大写。例如:Mr Smith,Dr Wang,Miss Mary。

14.表示语种、民族的名词或形容词第一个字母要大写。例如:Russian俄语、俄罗斯人(的),Chinese汉语、中国人(的)。

托福写作模版如何使用

首先,英文写作讲求经济性和有效性的结合,通俗讲,就是以最简洁的语言表述最丰富的内容!大家不要误解简洁性的内涵,它可不是指简单的句式结构,简单的词汇资源!而是言简意赅的两个字“精炼”!下面,我们看一下一个托福写作模板的introduction部分。

The reading passage explores the issue of… The professor’s lecture deals with the same issue. However, he/she thinks that…, which contradicts what the reading states. And in the lecture, he/she uses three specific points to support his/her idea.

在本模板中不看好的地方有三,分别是:explores后面的宾语部分,which引导的非限定性定语从句和And in the lecture, he/she uses three specific points to support his/her idea.这句。理由如下:

explores后面的宾语the issue of 中,介词of后面的语法形式要求是名词,或是名词性从句,如果我们选择名词,考生很难在短时间内找到一个合适的名词或名词短语去概括阅读文章的中心思想,如果我们选择名词性从句,那这个句子就显得臃肿不堪。这个鬼怎么破?我们的建议是:把the issue of 也砍掉,换成其他更为简洁切题,含义具体的名词然后加上后置定语 of sth 再加定语给sth以表达清楚阅读文章的含义,或直接加定语从句说明细节!例如:The reading passage explores three possible causes/theories/sources/functions/等等+定语。

举例如下:

The reading passage explores three possible functions of the carved stone balls dated back to around 4000 years ago in Scotland.(TPO33)

The reading passage explores three possible sources of the strange sound detected by the sailors in Russian submarines patrolling in the northern Alantic and Arctic Ocean from 1960s to 1980s.(TPO32)

这时候,有人就会问了,如果阅读文章当中没有类似于 the carved stone balls 和 the strange sound这样类似的词汇该肿么办?别急!我们不是还有定语从句嘛!如:

The reading passage explores three possible theories why employees should work for four days instead of five days a week.(TPO1)

本段中第二个不认可的地方是which引导的非限定性定语从句。理由是,从语法上讲,非限定性定语从句中的关系代词which应该指代的是前面整个句子的意思,但事实上,前面的句子中的He thinks这一概念是不应该被包含进去的。这个地方应该这样破:直接把定语从句砍掉不要或者改成分词短语的状语形式!如:However, he/she thinks that all the theories mentioned in the reading are unconvincing. And he/she employs three specific points to backup his/her idea. 砍去定语从句反倒觉得句子清新了好多,没有以前的那种语义重复,累赘不堪的感觉了。

最后在本段中不看好的是And in the lecture, he/she uses three specific points to support his/her idea.这句,原因是太过的累赘且用词比较简单。建议改成分词短语和前句合成一句话,去做前句的状语!

合理高效的使用托福写作模版

第一, 强大自己的英语基本功。只有在平时注意积累,注意改正自己的错误,才会避免低级错误,才会运用正确的语法结构。

第二,动笔之前,一定要认真审题,和构思,要尽量明确写作的结构,内容,然后要要注意看写作要求,这一点至关重要。如果没有认真审题的话,见题就写,没有严谨的写作思路,很容易造成跑题,偏题,不符题意的错误,也就不能使模板中的句型和内容相匹配。

第三,我们在初练写作的时候套用模板是正常的事情,也是一个必经的过程,只有先试用别人的东西,才能发现一些漏洞,也才能在此基础上进行自己的写作积累。模板要活学活用,不要一字不差的照抄无误,而是要根据自己所要表达的内容进行更改。写作不一定要字字句句都是难词,长句,而是要学会运用一些常见词的常见短语去表达,这样才能真正显示写作的水平。这就要求学生再平时的摩鑫娱乐学习中注意积累常用的短语或者词组,以备写作之用。另外,关于写作素材,不仅仅指写作常用的词汇,句型或者语法结构,还要包括所用的事例。因此,在平常的练习中要注意从阅读中积累素材,积累词句,而不要仅仅局限于模板之中。

托福写作解析:年轻人与社会

托福写作题目:

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?

Young people today have no influence on the important decisions that determine the future of society as a whole.

Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

分类: 独立写作

话题: 建造问题

托福TPO32独立写作题目翻译:

你是否同意以下观点:现在的年轻人对确定整个社会未来的决定没有影响。

审题关键词:

young, influence, decisions, society

论证分析:

正:

Young people are inexperienced so they do not possess any credibility to be counted on by the society.

Rarely is there any young person in the center of the authority.

反:

Young people are competent in many aspects in the society.

Young people have visions about the future.

补:

Young people will finally be involved in important decision making of the society as a hole sooner or later

托福TPO32独立写作范文:

With the development of society, people nowadays are living in a relatively complete mechanism, yet some tiny but important aspects, which may be overlooked, need to be ameliorated by discussion. Some people may argue that youth seems to have on influence on current society, however, in my opinion, youth should still be taken into consideration when determining the future of the society in the long time run.

Firstly, young people play a major role in improving the development of current society. For one thing, there are some special tasks, which are not only inevitable in its area but also needs high requirements of physical condition and cannot be accomplished by old people. For instance, when enrolling pilots, no matter for military affairs or civil aviation, it is strict with requirements of physical condition like eyesight and height, which old people may not satisfy. For another, young people also promote economic increase to some degree. Many enterprises aim at expanding the market of youth by developing more products, which largely increase the purchasing power of youth. And this method achieves big success especially in the electronic market.

Additionally, young people directly guide future direction of our society. As youth possess creativity coming up with ideas, which sometimes seem to be ridiculous, it's entirely possible that one of those "wired idea" become breakthrough in a specific area. For instance, Steve Jobs, who has been described as the "Father of the Digital Revolution", once said he would like to invent a smartphone containing only one key. It was such a brave and creative idea and cannot be realized at that time. However, after continuously research, iphone, which guide a new period of communication, came out.

Admittedly, despite older people are more experienced than youth, and are more possible to come up with more feasible and reasonable ideas when confronting difficulties, yet youth represent creativity, bravery and confidence, which are all inevitable during the process of the development of the society. Moreover, experience is based on accumulation of time and lessons, as older people also have no experience when they were young. Hence, blindly overlooking the important influence of youth, will finally lead to unexpected negative consequences.

Overall, youth represent the future of the society, and have potential influence to the society from the aspect of future development.