盘点托福写作中5个常见的易错扣分词汇

时间:2020-08-01 18:50:12

盘点托福写作中5个常见的易错扣分词汇, 避免重复用词很重要。今天小编给大家带来了盘点托福写作中5个常见的易错扣分词汇,希望可以帮助到大家,下面小编就和大家分享,来欣赏一下吧。

盘点托福写作中5个常见的易错扣分词汇 避免重复用词很重要

托福写作评分标准如何要求词汇水平?

托福写作评分中较高评分的要求中对用词有相当明确的评判标准,也就是appropriate word choice/range of vocabulary,即合理的用词选择以及展现词汇量。而许多中国考生的写作被扣分,正是因为用词过于单调重复和口语化。特别是一些常用词汇,只要在写作中出现频率太高就很容易造成扣分,下面小编列举5个最常见的容易过度使用而导致扣分的词汇:

1. Really

Example:The swimmer really performed admirably.

“Really”表示“真的”,有强调的作用。但很多时候“really”并没有告诉读者或听者任何重要、有用的信息,缺乏说服力。如果你想要表达一个事实,不妨尝试去掉“really”,反倒更让信服。比如:The swimmer performed admirably.

2. Things/ Stuff

Example: “The article said a lot of things and stuff.”

Things和Stuff这两个词汇十分模糊,作者自己可以清楚地了解Things和Stuff代表的含义,但读者显然不能。Things和Stuff到底指什么?为什么会有Things和Stuff?我如何获得这些Things和Stuff?这都是读者会产生的问题。所以与其图一时省事,不如清晰地描述出你的想法,这样你的写出的句子才会有力量。例如:The article discussed the principles of interactive design.

3. I believe/I feel/I think

Example: “I believe the author has a great point here…”

很多人认为在观点前加上“I believe/I feel/I think”可以表明立场,避免逻辑漏洞,也更容易让人接受自己的想法。但如果对方本身对你的认可度不高,你的“I believe/I feel/I think”反而会引起对方的抵抗情绪。过度小心翼翼会让你显得没有自信,不够真诚。你完全可以说:“The researcher has a great point here.”

4. Was/Is/Are/Am

Example: “The letter was mailed by Sally.”

使用Was/Is/Are/Am和不使用的区别在于被动和主动的区别。在这个例句中,Was/Is/Are/Am让句式变成更为复杂的被动,而在地道的英语思维中,应该尽可能少地使用被动语态;另一方面,当你使用被动句,句子的主旨也会随之改变,从Sally变成了letter。英文写作要做到简洁有力,“Sally mailed the letter.”显然比“The letter was mailed by Sally.”表达的更清晰。

5. Very

Example:Scientists are very interested in finding out more about the duck-billed platypus.

而著名作家马克吐温还专门就这个用词给出过自己的看法:“Substitute ‘damn’ every time you’re inclined to write‘very’; your editor will delete it and the writing will be just as it should be.” — Mark Twain

very是最常被大家使用的一个单词,但也是最苍白的一个单词。一句“very good”远不如“wonderful”来得生动。要记住,读者的时间非常宝贵,你的语言一定要精简。

总而言之,既然托福写作的评分标准中对词汇运用有明确的要求,那么考生多收集整理一些写作词汇并投入实际行文之中就很有必要了。而上文中提到的这些常见扣分词汇,还是希望大家能够提前准备好一些替代用词在考试中使用,以避免造成用词重复的问题而导致扣分。

托福写作解析:Eat out or eat at home

托福写作题目:

Topic:Eat out or eat at home?

Some people prefer to eat at food stands or restaurants. Other people prefer to prepare and eat food at home. Which do you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

参考分析:

不要急于做出选择,先进行比较,然后根据情况选择:

去餐馆或者吃快餐的优缺点:方便、快捷、多种口味;昂贵、卫生可能得不到保障、快餐使人发胖;

在家吃饭的优缺点:干净、可以做出自己喜欢的口味、节省、与家人和朋友共同准备实物很开心;花费时间、可能做的没有餐馆那么好吃;

在不同的情况下会有不同的选择。周末休息应该跟家人在家里吃饭。与老朋友久别重逢应该找一家安静的餐馆……

范文:

选择在饭馆吃饭:

(1)节省时间,自己做饭很麻烦;

(2)能够品尝各种各样的美食;

(3)能够促进和朋友的感情。

Nowadays, some people like to eat at home and prepare food by themselves, but others prefer to eat outside in restaurants or at food stands. As far as I am concerned, I prefer to eat at home.(标准式开头,先阐述现今社会状况,再表达个人观点,开门见山)

Of course there are some advantages to eat out. Firstly, restaurants offer a more comfortable environment to eat and the food there tastes more delicious than home-cooked meals. In addition, eating at restaurants is a good way of getting together with friends. People also do not need to worry about washing dishes and cleaning. For people who are too busy to cook, eating out is certainly an ideal(理想的)choice. Furthermore, for people do not know how to cook and do not have someone to cook for them, eat out seems to be the only choice.(本段是让步段,先讲在外吃的好处一个是舒适的环境美味的食物,另一个是给不会做饭和不知做饭给谁的人提供吃饭的条件)

However, I prefer to cook and eat and home. The main reason is that at home, family members can prepare their meals and enjoying their food together, which can enhance their relationships. Family members can talk, make jokes and exchange feelings on current affairs with each other while preparing a meal. Parents have a chance to communicate with their kids and keep track of what they are thinking and doing; while children can learn to help with some household tasks and develop intimacy(与父母增进感情)with their parents. Image that you and your brothers and sisters help your mother to cook on a weekend, and enjoy the food later on(稍后), and you feel everything is so nice.(这是第一段论述在家吃好处是可以与家人增进感情种种,以自己为例子显得生动可信)

Another reason is that eating at home can save money. The same amount of money that you spend on a meal in a restaurant can buy a lot more foods from a supermarket. You can use the money saved to buy a new cloth, or attend a concert.(本段是从经济方面来论述在家吃确实可行)

General speaking, eating out side is comfortable and convenient but eating at home has more benefits. I prefer to eat at home.(这篇文章是标准的议论文结构,没有特别华丽的语言,但是结构清晰论述完整,没有语法错误,这也是保分的必要条件)

托福写作解析:Spend money or save them

托福写作题目:

Spend money or save them?

Is it better to enjoy your money when you earn it or is it better to save your money for some time in the future? Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.

参考分析:

先讨论一下储蓄的必要性以及及时享乐的好处,然后可以采取it depends策略进行选择,是花钱及时享乐好呢还是把钱存起来好,要看钱的数目是多少。如果一个月赚800块,只有一个选择,花掉。2000块,就可以花掉一些,存起来一些。20000块,就多花一些,也可以多存一些。

范文:

存钱比较好:

(1)存钱可以防备不时之需,如生病等等。

(2)存钱可以买非常贵重的商品,如房子、汽车等等。

(3)存钱放到未来花,可以更好的享受生活,如去欧洲、美洲旅游等等。

Some people say that it is better to enjoy your money as soon as you earn it while others prefer to save the money for later. It's a difficult choice faced by lots of people because of the different attitudes they hold towards money. As far as I am concerned, I vote for the former choice, which is that it is better for one to enjoy his or her money as soon as it is earned. Spending money as soon as possible is my preference because of three reasons as follows.

First, we can observe easily in the modern society that the dominant philosophy nowadays is 'enjoy your life when you are still young'. Most young adults like to work for a period of time and then go on for a trip to visit some places they have never been to. Those trips not only help them to keep in shape but also provide them different kinds of knowledge and new perspective in looking at their environment. Other people spend the money for their leisure, which helps them to relax and go back to work with enough energy.

In the old days, it is said that people who save money in a bank understand the philosophy of thrift. Actually, economists say that in the modern world saving money in a bank is the quickest way to lose it. Moreover, none of the rich people became rich by getting interests from the bank. Living in a constantly changing world, we should adjust ourselves to accept the new ways of investing our money to different areas in order to get the most of it. That is probably the reason why most of the people nowadays put their money into business to get a better payback.

The third obvious(显然的)reason why I prefer spending money rather than saving them is that it is part of the contribution for the economic growth in our country. If nobody has the needs to buy stuff from others and the market, nobody will think about how to produce useful products and sell them to make the most profits. Some countries continue to lower the interests in order to force people to spend their money and therefore benefit the society as well as the people themselves. In this broad view, I prefer spending money rather than saving them.

In conclusion, I prefer spending money because it benefits ourselves as well as people around us. It's also important for kids to know how to save money as a sense of thrift. Nevertheless, spending money is still the best way to make our lives enjoyable and worthwhile.

托福写作解析:Change about your school

托福写作题目:

If you could make one important change in a school that you attended, what change would you make? Use reasons and specific examples to support your answer.

参考分析:

改变学校的计算机交流

(1)提高效率

(2)促进学生摩鑫娱乐学习

(3)更好的老师和学生的交流

参考范文:

Change about your school

Talking of making an important change in my school, I'd like to suggest that our education system put more emphasis on the development of learning skills and applications of theories into practice instead of simply learning knowledge from books. The proposal is based on the reasons as follows.

For one thing, overemphasis on academic learning poses a threat because of confusing the purpose of learning. As school credit is usually considered the major criteria of academic learning, in a credit-driven school, one may try hard to learn simply for learning's sake. In other words, college students tend to blindly cram their brains with numerous texts and formulas while do not have a clear idea of what they really want to learn, why they need to learn, not to mention how the things they are learning are useful to the reality. An example is way that common ESL students learn English: they may spend several years in reciting grammar rules, but can hardly utter an English word in front of a foreigner.

Another reason that causes me to make the suggestion is the requirement of today's ever-changing knowledge economy time. With the increasingly accelerated pace of information explosion, one can hardly depend on knowledge from books that he or she has learned at school. Mastering learning skills and knowing how to apply the skills into practice are becoming indispensable than ever before. A recent survey conducted by educators shows that most students in our country lack the ability of using tools and solving problems compared with their counterparts in the United States. This informs us to take a serious look at our book-knowledge based education pattern.

In sum, it's high time for us to give a touch on our education pattern concerning the narrowness of book knowledge learning as well as the necessity of practical learning required by the contemporary world.